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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

132,659
RESULTS
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Media Type
8
collections
132,651
texts
Topics & Subjects
7,657
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
7,506
Natural history
7,470
Science
7,469
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
6,977
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
6,114
Botany
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Collection
132,658
Biodiversity Heritage Library
86,285
American Libraries
37,370
FEDLINK - United States Federal Collection
31,903
The National Agricultural Library
24,496
Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
12,738
The Boston Library Consortium
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
549
united states national museum
529
united states. bureau of fisheries
477
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
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Language
92,950
English
13,848
German
10,723
French
2,361
Latin
2,147
Spanish
2,106
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
7,468
ITEMS
5.1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 5.1M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,042
ITEMS
837,899
VIEWS
collection
eye 837,899
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
233,062
VIEWS
collection
eye 233,062
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
135,397
VIEWS
collection
eye 135,397
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby ...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 95,554
favorite 7
comment 5
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
2,343
ITEMS
82,171
VIEWS
collection
eye 82,171
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
926
ITEMS
74,775
VIEWS
collection
eye 74,775
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
collection
eye 47,427
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 35,304
favorite 11
comment 3
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 30,227
favorite 17
comment 2
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 27,800
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 27,686
favorite 56
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 26,383
favorite 1
comment 1
Includes bibliographies and index
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Bibliographies interspersed
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Insects
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 20,531
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 19,719
favorite 10
comment 0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 18,247
favorite 0
comment 1
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
texts
eye 18,110
favorite 0
comment 5
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 17,733
favorite 15
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 17,640
favorite 4
comment 1
Contains bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,725
favorite 1
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 16,307
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 16,167
favorite 1
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,129
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 15,921
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 15,523
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 15,085
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 15,050
favorite 5
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,933
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,923
favorite 2
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 183-188
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 14,329
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Journal move 1991
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,202
favorite 5
comment 0
Source: London, UK
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 13,864
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,821
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 13,781
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,397
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 13,282
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 13,222
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 12,751
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 12,637
favorite 4
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 12,482
favorite 1
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 12,405
favorite 3
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 601-669
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 12,349
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,274
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,255
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 12,067
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Includes bibliographic references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,851
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,851
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliography
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,818
favorite 0
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,798
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
texts
eye 11,786
favorite 0
comment 0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 11,740
favorite 6
comment 3
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 11,710
favorite 5
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 18
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 11,680
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
texts
eye 11,564
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 11,528
favorite 3
comment 1
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 11,526
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 545-569
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,446
favorite 1
comment 0
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 11,332
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
texts
eye 11,244
favorite 0
comment 1
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
texts
eye 11,154
favorite 2
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,136
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,037
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 10,991
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 10,765
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 10,699
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
texts
eye 10,693
favorite 3
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology
by Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alzate
texts
eye 10,557
favorite 0
comment 0
Some issues published out of chronological sequence